Understanding the evolving and unique challenges of dementia

In excess of 850,000 people are living with dementia in the UK and this is predicted to increase to over two million by 2050. The condition can cause variable and difficult challenges for those affected as well as for their loved ones and carers. As a result, many people find dealing with dementia stressful and emotionally challenging.

At Pennine Lodge we have extensive experience in dealing with dementia, early-onset dementia and related issues. We offer dementia care in a calm and therapeutic environment, which has been especially designed to support those with living dementia. 

Person-centred dementia care

Research suggests that people living with dementia respond more positively when their care promotes independence and affords them dignity and respect.

At Pennine Lodge we believe in celebrating life and focusing on what individuals can do, rather than what they can’t. Our person-centred care model is built on a relationship of trust between the person being cared for, their loved ones, and care professionals.

Our holistic approach to care means we look after the whole person – their emotional, social and care needs. We recognise the importance of understanding each individual’s care needs, interests and personality to help us develop a detailed, personalised care plan.

These tailored care plans are agreed before you or your loved one join the Pennine Lodge family and are regularly reviewed to ensure the highest standards of dementia care.

Maintaining Independence

We believe that a thriving community is the foundation of a happy home. Our teams actively support everyone, including loved ones, to get involved in the community life of the home by sharing mealtimes, social events and relaxation time together.

Our ladies and gentlemen are nurtured and encouraged to take responsibility for as much of their own personal care as they are able. Everyone is encouraged to make our home their home and we support people to decorate and furnish to their tastes. This approach to care makes the experience of dementia care a more positive, rewarding and fulfilling experience for everyone and helps people to maintain their independence for as long as possible.

Types of dementia

At Pennine Lodge, we have extensive experience with all types of Dementia. Our person-centred care model is built on a relationship of trust between the person being cared for, their family and care professionals.


Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia in the UK. It is a physical condition caused by changes in the structure of the brain, due to a build-up of ‘plaques’ and ‘tangles’, and this can result in a shortage of essential chemicals that help with the transmission of messages. Alzheimer’s can affect concentration, decision making and everyday living skills.

Medication is available to help the slow progression, but it does not prevent or cure Alzheimer’s.

Mixed dementia

It is possible to have not just one but two types of dementia. The most common is a combination of Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia, known as mixed dementia.

A person with mixed dementia would experience a mixture of the symptoms associated with the types of dementia they have.

Vascular dementia

Vascular dementia is the second most common type of dementia. It is caused by problems in the supply of blood to the brain, commonly due to strokes or a series of small strokes known as Trans Ischemic Attacks (TIAs), which cause areas of damage in the brain.

The signs and symptoms of vascular dementia depend on which area of the brain has been damaged. For example, language, reading, writing and communication can be affected in vascular dementia. Memory problems may not be an issue initially if this area of the brain has not been damaged, although they may occur later in life.

Frontotemporal dementia

Frontotemporal dementia is a progressive condition, which tends to affect younger people, usually aged 45 to 65 years, and can be challenging to diagnose.

Frontotemporal dementia affects behaviour and personality, and this can cause inappropriate social behaviour. This form of dementia can sometimes be confused with depression, stress, anxiety, psychosis, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Dementia with Lewy bodies

Dementia with Lewy bodies is a progressive condition that affects movement and motor control. A person with dementia with Lewy bodies might: be prone to falls, have tremors (like Parkinson’s Disease). They may have trouble swallowing, shuffle when they walk, and experience disrupted sleep patterns due to intense dreams/nightmares. They can also have visual and auditory hallucinations due to the nerve cell damage.

Memory is often less affected than with other types of dementia, but a person may experience sudden bouts of confusion which can change on an hourly basis.